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Fasting on the days of Tasu’a and ‘Asyura

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وَحَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْحُلْوَانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، حَدَّثَنِي إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا غَطَفَانَ بْنَ طَرِيفٍ الْمُرِّيَّ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ، بْنَ عَبَّاسٍ – رضى الله عنهما – يَقُولُ حِينَ صَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ وَأَمَرَ بِصِيَامِهِ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّهُ يَوْمٌ تُعَظِّمُهُ الْيَهُودُ وَالنَّصَارَى ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ فَإِذَا كَانَ الْعَامُ الْمُقْبِلُ – إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ – صُمْنَا الْيَوْمَ التَّاسِعَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَلَمْ يَأْتِ الْعَامُ الْمُقْبِلُ حَتَّى تُوُفِّيَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم.
Ibn ‘Abbas reported that when the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) fasted on the day of ‘Ashura and commanded that it should he observed as a fast, they (his Companions) said to him:
Messenger of Allah, it is a day which the Jews and Christians hold in high esteem. Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: When the next year comes, God willing, we would observe fast on the 9th But the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) died before the advent of the next year.

(Hadith translation taken from Sunnah.com)

Lessons:

1. Two days in the month of Muharram on which fasting is recommended are the day of Tasu’a (9th of Muharram) and the day of ‘Asyura (10th of Muharram).

2. The commandment to fast on both days instead of only the 10th differentiates Muslims’ practice from that of the Jews and Christians.

Let us fast in these days of Tasu’a and ‘Asyura, which fall on 19th and 20th of September 2018, respectively. May Allah forgive our sins in the past year and may we meet the Muharram of next year.

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Puasa Menjauhkan Dari Api Neraka

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مَنْ صَامَ يَوْمًا فِى سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بَعَّدَ اللَّهُ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ سَبْعِينَ خَرِيفًا

Barangsiapa melakukan puasa satu hari di jalan Allah (dalam melakukan ketaatan pada Allah), maka Allah akan menjauhkannya dari neraka sejauh perjalanan 70 tahun. (HR Bukhari No: 2840) Status Hadis Sahih

Pengajaran:

1. Puasa adalah antara ibadat yang menjadikan seseorang hamba dekat dengan syurga dan jauh daripada neraka.

2. Puasa adalah perisai kepada seorang mukmin. Rasulullah SAW bersabda:

الصِّيَامُ جُنَّةٌ يَسْتَجِنُّ بِهَا الْعَبْدْ مِنَ النَّارِ

Puasa adalah perisai, seorang hamba berperisai dengannya dari api neraka” (HR Ahmad 3/241) Status: Hadis Sahih

3. Sehari ibadat puasa oleh seorang Mukmin yang dilakukan denga ikhlas akan menjauhkan seseorang dari neraka sejauh 70 tahun perjalanan.

4. Rasulullah SAW menganjurkan kita untuk melakukan puasa sunat khususnya pada bulan Muharam. Antara hari yang digalakkan berpuasa selain daripada Isnin dan Khamis ialah pada pertengahan bulan hijrah atau dipanggil puasa hari puteh (13, 14 dan 15 haribulan Hijrah)

عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ قَالَ أَمَرَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنْ نَصُومَ مِنْ الشَّهْرِ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ الْبِيضَ ثَلَاثَ عَشْرَةَ وَأَرْبَعَ عَشْرَةَ وَخَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ

Dari Abu Dzarr RA dia berkata; “Rasulullah SAW memerintahkan kami agar berpuasa tiga hari Bidh (Putih) dalam sebulan iaitu tiga belas, empat belas dan lima belas.” (HR Nasai No: 2380) Status: Hadis Hasan

Marilah kita melakukan puasa sunat pada sepanjang bulan Muharam ini selain daripada puasa pada hari ke 9 (Tasu’a), hari ke 10 (Asyura). Disamping puasa sunat hari Isnin dan Khamis juga puasa hari-hari puteh pada 13hb, 14hb dan 15hb sepanjang bulan hijrah..

Moga ibadat puasa akan menghindarkan kita dari api neraka.

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Berpuasa Hari Asyura Tanda Kecintaan Kepada Rasul

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Berpuasa Hari Asyura Tanda Kecintaan Kepada Rasul

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ قَدِمَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْمَدِينَةَ وَالْيَهُودُ تَصُومُ عَاشُورَاءَ فَقَالُوا هَذَا يَوْمٌ ظَهَرَ فِيهِ مُوسَى عَلَى فِرْعَوْنَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لِأَصْحَابِهِ أَنْتُمْ أَحَقُّ بِمُوسَى مِنْهُمْ فَصُومُوا

Daripada Ibnu ‘Abbas dia berkata; “Rasulullah SAW tiba di Madinah, baginda melihat kaum Yahudi berpuasa pada hari Asyura` (10 muharam), mereka berkata; “Lebih tepatnya pada hari Musa mengalahkan Firaun. Maka Rasulullah SAW bersabda kepada para sahabatnya: “Kalian lebih berhak terhadap Musa daripada mereka, maka berpuasalah.” (HR Bukhari No: 4312)

Status: Hadis Sahih

Pengajaran:

1. Ibadat Puasa adalah antara syariat yang diwajibkan keatas umat terdahulu. Puasa Hari Asyura (10 muharam) adalah antara syariat Nabi Musa sebagai tanda bersyukur diselamatkan dari Firaun dan tenteranya.

2. Rasulullah SAW berpuasa pada hari Asyura sejak sebelum kewajipan berpuasa Ramadan dan mengajak para sahabat juga berpuasa.

3. Kita sebagai umat Islam lebih wajar menunjukkan tanda kecintaan kepada para Rasul termasuk Nabi Allah Musa. Antara tanda kecintaan itu dengan berpuasa pada hari Nabi Allah Musa mengalahkan Firaun dan tenteranya yang ditenggelamkan di laut Merah.

Moga Allah sentiasa menjadikan kita orang yang cinta dan kasih kepada para RasulNya. SELAMAT BERPUASA sunat di bulan Muharam.

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The Most Worthy Are Those Who Salute Most

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عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بن مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ:إِنَّ أَوْلَى النَّاسِ بِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ عَلَيَّ صَلاةً.

From ‘Abdullah Bin Masoud who said: The Messenger (pbuh) said: ‘Indeed, those who are nearest to me on the Day of Resurrection will be those who salute most often for me.’

Lessons:

1. Increasing salutations upon the Prophet is of noble deed

2. Those who are most worthy to be with the Messenger on the Day of Resurrection are those who salute him most

عَنْ أَبِي مَسْعُودٍ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ قَالَ أَتَانَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَنَحْنُ فِي مَجْلِسِ سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَادَةَ فَقَالَ لَهُ بَشِيرُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ أَمَرَنَا اللَّهُ تَعَالَى أَنَّ نُصَلِّيَ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَكَيْفَ نُصَلِّي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ فَسَكَتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَتَّى تَمَنَّيْنَا أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَسْأَلْهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قُولُوا اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فِي الْعَالَمِينَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ وَالسَّلَامُ كَمَا قَدْ عَلِمْتُم

From AbiMas’ud al-Ansari who said: We were sitting in the company of Sa’id b. ‘Ubida when the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) came to us. Bashir b. S’ad said: Allah has commanded us to bless you Messenger of Allah! But how should we bless you? He (the narrator) said: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) kept quiet (and we were so much perturbed over his silence) that we wished we had not asked him. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) then said: (For blessing me) say:

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فِي الْعَالَمِينَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ

“O Allah, bless Muhammad and the members of his household as Thou didst bless the members of Ibrahim’s household. Grant favours to Muhammad and the members of his household as Thou didst grant favours to the members of the household of Ibrahim in the world. Thous art indeed Praiseworthy and Glorious”; and salutations as you know” (Sahih Muslim No: 405)

(Hadith translation taken from Sunnah.com)

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35 Ciri – Ciri Munafik

Di bincang kan tentang ciri-ciri munafik ini adalah bukan untuk me’munafik’kan orang lain, apatah lagi menuduh sesiapa sebagai seorang munafik. Tapi adalah cukup sekadar kayu ukur untuk menilai peribadi sendiri, bertanyalah kepada diri sendiri, adakah aku memiliki ciri-ciri ini? Jika ada, jom bertaubat dan sama-sama kita berubah.

(1) Dusta

Ciri pertama dari orang munafik adalah dusta atau berbohong. Berdusta atau berbohong adalah suatu tindakan tercela yang tak hanya dibenci oleh manusia yang dibohongi tapi juga oleh agama. Agama melarang keras bagi umatnya untuk berdusta karena tindakan ini jelas akan memberi kerugian dan lebih banyak mudaratnya.

Imam Ibnul Qayyim al-Jauziyyah rahimahullah menerangkan bahwa Allâh Azza wa Jalla telah membagi manusia ke dalam dua bagian, yakni orang yang jujur dan orang yang munafik. Hal ini didasarkan pada firman Allah dalam Qur’an Surat al-Ahzab ayat 24 yang berbunyi:

لِّيَجۡزِيَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّٰدِقِينَ بِصِدۡقِهِمۡ وَيُعَذِّبَ ٱلۡمُنَٰفِقِينَ إِن شَآءَ أَوۡ يَتُوبَ عَلَيۡهِمۡۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورٗا رَّحِيمٗا ٢٤

Artinya:

Supaya Allah memberikan balasan kepada orang-orang yang benar itu karena kebenarannya, dan menyiksa orang munafik jika dikehendaki-Nya, atau menerima taubat mereka. Sesungguhnya Allah adalah Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang. [Al-Ahzâb/33:24]

(2) Khianat

Khianat adalah lawan kepada sikap amanah. Khianat adalah ciri berikutnya dari sifat munafik. Yakni saat seseorang yang tidak komitmen dengan apa yang dijalaninya dan tidak pernah menepati perkataannya tanpa ada kejelasan apapun. Islam secara tegas melarang tindakan khianat ini karena seseorang akan merasa sangat tersakiti jika dikhianati kepercayaannya.

Tindakan khianat ini dijelaskan dalam al-Qur’an Surat al-Mu’minun Ayat 8 dan al-Anfaal ayat 27

وَٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ لِأَمَٰنَٰتِهِمۡ وَعَهۡدِهِمۡ رَٰعُونَ ٨

Artinya:

Dan orang-orang yang memelihara amanat-amanat (yang dipikulnya) dan janjinya. (al-Mu’minun ayat 8)

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَخُونُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلرَّسُولَ وَتَخُونُوٓاْ أَمَٰنَٰتِكُمۡ وَأَنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ ٢٧

Artinya:

Dan ingatlah (hai para muhajirin) ketika kamu masih berjumlah sedikit, lagi tertindas di muka bumi (Mekah), kamu takut orang-orang (Mekah) akan menculik kamu, maka Allah memberi kamu tempat menetap (Madinah) dan dijadikan-Nya kamu kuat dengan pertolongan-Nya dan diberi-Nya kamu rezeki dari yang baik-baik agar kamu bersyukur. (al-Anfaal ayat 27)

(3) Fujur

Fujur adalah sebuah sifat tercela dimana seseorang yang emosinya berlebihan bahkan melampaui batas saat terjadi pertikaian dengan orang lain. Orang dengan ciri ini akan terus ingin menang dan tidak terima dengan kesalahannya sehingga menunjukkan sikap yang melampaui batas untuk menekan lawan tengkarnya.

(4) Mungkir Janji

Mungkir janji adalah salah satu ciri munafik lainnya karena seseorang yang mungkir janji tidak dapat memegang perkataannya sendiri dan tidak pernah menepati janji yang sudah dia berikan kepada orang lain. Menepati janji hukumnya adalah wajib, artinya ketika seseorang membuat janji maka mesti menepati janji yang telah dia ucapkan tersebut.

Dalam Al-quran pun telah dijelaskan mengenai janji yang harus ditepati dan tidak boleh diingkari.

Seperti yang tertulis dalam Surat an-Nahl ayat 91 yang berbunyi:

وَأَوۡفُواْ بِعَهۡدِ ٱللَّهِ إِذَا عَٰهَدتُّمۡ وَلَا تَنقُضُواْ ٱلۡأَيۡمَٰنَ بَعۡدَ تَوۡكِيدِهَا وَقَدۡ جَعَلۡتُمُ ٱللَّهَ عَلَيۡكُمۡ كَفِيلًاۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَعۡلَمُ مَا تَفۡعَلُونَ ٩١

Artinya:

Dan tepatilah perjanjian dengan Allah apabila kamu berjanji dan janganlah kamu membatalkan sumpah-sumpah(mu) itu, sesudah meneguhkannya, sedang kamu telah menjadikan Allah sebagai saksimu (terhadap sumpah-sumpahmu itu). Sesungguhnya Allah mengetahui apa yang kamu perbuat. (Q.S an-Nahl:91)

Kemudian dalam surat al-Isra’ ayat 34 yang berbunyi:

وَلَا تَقۡرَبُواْ مَالَ ٱلۡيَتِيمِ إِلَّا بِٱلَّتِي هِيَ أَحۡسَنُ حَتَّىٰ يَبۡلُغَ أَشُدَّهُۥۚ وَأَوۡفُواْ بِٱلۡعَهۡدِۖ إِنَّ ٱلۡعَهۡدَ كَانَ مَسۡ‍ُٔولٗا ٣٤

Artinya:

Dan janganlah kamu mendekati harta anak yatim, kecuali dengan cara yang lebih baik (bermanfaat) sampai ia dewasa dan penuhilah janji; sesungguhnya janji itu pasti diminta pertanggungan jawabnya. (al-Isra’ ayat 34)

(5) Malas Beribadah

Malas beribadah juga masuk dalam kategori ciri-ciri sifat munafik, hal ini dikatakan secara jelas dalam al-Qur’an Surat an-Nisa’ ayat 142 yang berbunyi:

إِنَّ ٱلۡمُنَٰفِقِينَ يُخَٰدِعُونَ ٱللَّهَ وَهُوَ خَٰدِعُهُمۡ وَإِذَا قَامُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ قَامُواْ كُسَالَىٰ يُرَآءُونَ ٱلنَّاسَ وَلَا يَذۡكُرُونَ ٱللَّهَ إِلَّا قَلِيلٗا ١٤٢

Artinya:

Sesungguhnya orang-orang munafik itu menipu Allah, dan Allah akan membalas tipuan mereka. Dan apabila mereka berdiri untuk solat mereka berdiri dengan malas. Mereka bermaksud riya (dengan solat) di hadapan manusia. Dan tidaklah mereka menyebut Allah kecuali sedikit sekali.

Ayat ini menceritakan tentang bagaimana seseorang munafik yang pergi ke masjid atau surau, dengan berat hati ia seret kedua kakinya seakan-akan berat dan sangat sulit untuk berjalan karena terbelenggu rantai. Kemudian ketika ia sampai di dalam masjid atau surau dia malah memilih untuk duduk di saf yang paling akhir tanpa mengetahui apa yang dibaca imam dalam solat, apalagi untuk menyemak dan menghayatinya.

(6) Riya’

Riya adalah termasuk sifat sombong yang sangat tercela dan dibenci oleh Allah. Contoh sederhana dari sifat Riya’ ini adalah ketika seseorang yang sengaja menampakkan solat dengan rajin dan khusyuk tetapi ketika seorang diri dia mempercepat solatnya atau bahkan tidak solat sama sekali. Apabila di depan banyak orang dia berbuat baik dan rendah hati tapi ketika sendirian dia berbuat jahat dan tinggi hati. Apabila bersama orang lain dalam suatu majlis, dia menampakkan sikap zuhud dan berakhlak baik, demikian juga pembicaraannya. Namun, jika dia seorang diri, dia akan melanggar hal-hal yang diharamkan oleh Allah SWT.

Perkara tentang Riya telah difirmankan oleh Allah dalam Qur’an Surat al-Maa’un ayat 4-7 yang berbunyi:

فَوَيۡلٞ لِّلۡمُصَلِّينَ ٤ ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ عَن صَلَاتِهِمۡ سَاهُونَ ٥ ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ يُرَآءُونَ ٦ وَيَمۡنَعُونَ ٱلۡمَاعُونَ ٧

Artinya:

(4) Maka kecelakaanlah bagi orang-orang yang shalat (5) (yaitu) orang-orang yang lalai dari solatnya (6) orang-orang yang berbuat riya (7) dan enggan (menolong dengan) barang berguna (7) Sedikit Berzikir.

(7) Mempercepat Solat

Orang-orang yang tidak khusyuk solatnya, malah mempercepat gerak dan bacaan sholatnya adalah ciri lain dari munafik. Yakni orang-orang yang fikiran dan hatinya tidak menyatu bahkan tidak menghadirkan keagungan dan kebesaran Allah SWT dalam solatnya.

Perkara ini juga telah diriwayatkan dalam sebuah hadis Nabi SAW yang pernah bersabda bahwa:

“Itulah sholat orang munafik, … lalu mempercepat empat rakaat (solatnya)”

(8) Mencela Orang-Orang Yang Taat Dan Soleh

Orang-orang dengan sifat munafik biasanya tidak bercermin pada diri sendiri dan malah memperolok orang-orang yang taat dengan ungkapan sindiran atau bahkan kasar yang tidak enak didengar seperti cemuhan ataupun celaan.

Sepanjang hidupnya ia sibuk mencemuh orang-orang soleh yang dianggapnya selalu jelek dan berlebihan.

(9) Mengolok-Olok Al-Quran, As-Sunnah, Dan Rasulullah SAW

Orang-orang munafik seringnya tidak sadar dengan ucapan dan tindakannya yang melampaui batas. Selain mengolok-olok orang soleh ia juga bahkan tidak segan untuk mengolok-olok Qur’an maupun hadis yang merupakan dasar pedoman bagi agama Islam beserta dengan amalan-amalan lainnya.

Walaupun mereka menganggapnya hanya sebagai candaan saja namun hal tersebut sudah termasuk kafir. Seperti firman Allah dalam Qur’an Surat at-Taubah ayat 65-66 yang berbunyi:

وَلَئِن سَأَلۡتَهُمۡ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلۡعَبُۚ قُلۡ أَبِٱللَّهِ وَءَايَٰتِهِۦ وَرَسُولِهِۦ كُنتُمۡ تَسۡتَهۡزِءُونَ ٦٥ لَا تَعۡتَذِرُواْ قَدۡ كَفَرۡتُم بَعۡدَ إِيمَٰنِكُمۡۚ إِن نَّعۡفُ عَن طَآئِفَةٖ مِّنكُمۡ نُعَذِّبۡ طَآئِفَةَۢ بِأَنَّهُمۡ كَانُواْ مُجۡرِمِينَ ٦٦

Artinya:

(65) Dan jika kamu tanyakan kepada mereka (tentang apa yang mereka lakukan itu), tentulah mereka akan manjawab, “Sesungguhnya kami hanyalah bersenda gurau dan bermain-main saja”. Katakanlah: “Apakah dengan Allah, ayat-ayat-Nya dan Rasul-Nya kamu selalu berolok-olok? (66) Tidak usah kamu minta maaf, karena kamu kafir sesudah beriman. Jika Kami memaafkan segolongan kamu (lantaran mereka taubat), niscaya Kami akan mengazab golongan (yang lain) disebabkan mereka adalah orang-orang yang selalu berbuat dosa. (Q.S. At-Taubah: 65-66)

(10) Bersumpah Palsu

Ciri berikutnya dari sifat munafik adalah dengan bersumpah palsu. Yakni orang-orang yang jika ia sedang bersaksi maka ia memberikan sumpah palsu dengan tanpa memperdulikan dosa maupun akibat negative dari sumpah palsunya tersebut.

Ia bahkan berani mengucap sumpah dengan menyertakan Demi Allah yang dilakukan semata-mata untuk menutupi kedustaannya. Dan jika ia ditegur atau dinasehati ia malah mengumpat, mengelak atau bahkan memfitnah orang lain supaya ia terbebas dari sangkaan atau dugaan terhadapnya.

Perkara tentang sumpah palsu ini telah dijelaskan dalam al-Qur’an Surat Al-Munafiqun ayat 2 dan Al-Mujadilah ayat 16 yang berbunyi:

ٱتَّخَذُوٓاْ أَيۡمَٰنَهُمۡ جُنَّةٗ فَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِۚ إِنَّهُمۡ سَآءَ مَا كَانُواْ يَعۡمَلُونَ ٢

Artinya:

Mereka itu menjadikan sumpah mereka sebagai perisai, lalu mereka menghalangi (manusia) dari jalan Allah. Sesungguhnya amat buruklah apa yang telah mereka kerjakan. (Q.S. al-Munafiqun:2)

ٱتَّخَذُوٓاْ أَيۡمَٰنَهُمۡ جُنَّةٗ فَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ فَلَهُمۡ عَذَابٞ مُّهِينٞ ١٦

Artinya:

Mereka menjadikan sumpah-sumpah mereka sebagai perisai, lalu mereka halangi (manusia) dari jalan Allah; karena itu mereka mendapat azab yang menghinakan. (Al-Mujadilah:16).

(11) Enggan Berinfak

Selain bersikap merugikan orang lain, orang-orang munafik juga sangat pelit dan tidak mau melakukan hal-hal yang bersifat berkorban untuk membantu orang lain apalagi yang sekiranya merugikan diri. ia hanya ingin untung sendiri dan tidak peduli dengan kerugian orang lain. Dan ia juga sangat hitung-hitungan bahkan menghindari terhadap hal-hal yang akan mengurangi kekayaan hartanya yang sebenarnya juga merupakan hak dari orang lain yang lebih membutuhkan. Jikapun mereka berinfak, maka hanya untuk kepentingan tertentu yang menjurus kepada riya’ maupun sum’ah.

Padahal infak sangat di anjurkan dan diperintahkan dengan jelas dalam alqur’an maupun dalam hadis. Seperti firman Allah dalam surat al-baqarah ayat 254 ini yang berbunyi:

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَنفِقُواْ مِمَّا رَزَقۡنَٰكُم مِّن قَبۡلِ أَن يَأۡتِيَ يَوۡمٞ لَّا بَيۡعٞ فِيهِ وَلَا خُلَّةٞ وَلَا شَفَٰعَةٞۗ وَٱلۡكَٰفِرُونَ هُمُ ٱلظَّٰلِمُونَ ٢٥٤

Artinya:

Hai orang-orang yang beriman, belanjakanlah (di jalan Allah) sebagian dari rezeki yang telah Kami berikan kepadamu sebelum datang hari yang pada hari itu tidak ada lagi jual beli dan tidak ada lagi syafa´at. Dan orang-orang kafir itulah orang-orang yang zalim.

Kemudian dalam surat al-Hajj ayat 22 yang berbunyi:

كُلَّمَآ أَرَادُوٓاْ أَن يَخۡرُجُواْ مِنۡهَا مِنۡ غَمٍّ أُعِيدُواْ فِيهَا وَذُوقُواْ عَذَابَ ٱلۡحَرِيقِ ٢٢

Artinya:

Setiap kali mereka hendak ke luar dari neraka lantaran kesengsaraan mereka, niscaya mereka dikembalikan ke dalamnya. (Kepada mereka dikatakan), “Rasailah azab yang membakar ini”

(12) Tidak Menghiraukan Nasib Sesama Kaum Muslimin

Orang-orang munafik tidak memiliki rasa kepedulian terhadap orang lain walaupun terhadap sesama kaum muslim lainnya dan hanya peduli terhadap kemakmuran dirinya sendiri saja.

Hal inilah yang membuat barisan kekuatan para muslim menjadi lemah karena menjadi terpecah-belah akibat ketidak pedulian kepada sesame muslimnya.

(13) Sering menyebarkan dan melebih-lebihkan

Ciri lain dari sifat munafik adalah dengan melebih-lebihkan kejadian apalagi kesalahan orang lain. Ketika ia melihat sedikit kesalahan dari orang lain maka ia akan langsung menyebarkannya secara berlebihan dan terus mengulanginya hingga ia merasa bosan sendiri sehingga semua orang mengetahui bahkan menjadi salah paham terhadap orang yang terus dijadikan bahan omongan.

(14) Mengingkari Takdir

Orang munafik selalu berpikiran pendek tentang apa yang terjadi dan apa yang akan terjadi padanya, tidak menyadari bahwa semua apa yang terjadi dalam hidup ini adalah atas izin dari Allah SWT. Ketika ia tertimpa musibah ia akan menyalahkan orang lain atau langkah yang diambilnya, bukan menerima apalagi mengakui hikmah dari musibah yang ia alami.

(15) Mencaci Maki Kehormatan Orang-Orang Soleh

Menjelek-jelekkan orang lain di belakang adalah salah satu kebiasaan seorang munafik. Ia akan dengan santainya mencaci maki, menjelek-jelekkan, mengumpat dan menjatuhkan kehormatan mereka tanpa berkaca pada dirinya sendiri.

أَشِحَّةً عَلَيۡكُمۡۖ فَإِذَا جَآءَ ٱلۡخَوۡفُ رَأَيۡتَهُمۡ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَيۡكَ تَدُورُ أَعۡيُنُهُمۡ كَٱلَّذِي يُغۡشَىٰ عَلَيۡهِ مِنَ ٱلۡمَوۡتِۖ فَإِذَا ذَهَبَ ٱلۡخَوۡفُ سَلَقُوكُم بِأَلۡسِنَةٍ حِدَادٍ أَشِحَّةً عَلَى ٱلۡخَيۡرِۚ أُوْلَٰٓئِكَ لَمۡ يُؤۡمِنُواْ فَأَحۡبَطَ ٱللَّهُ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡۚ وَكَانَ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ يَسِيرٗا ١٩

Artinya:

Mereka bakhil terhadapmu, apabila datang ketakutan (bahaya), kamu lihat mereka itu memandang kepadamu dengan mata yang terbalik-balik seperti orang yang pengsan karena akan mati, dan apabila ketakutan telah hilang, mereka mencaci kamu dengan lidah yang tajam, sedang mereka bakhil untuk berbuat kebaikan. Mereka itu tidak beriman, maka Allah menghapuskan (pahala) amalnya. Dan yang demikian itu adalah mudah bagi Allah. (Q.S. al-Ahzab:9)

(16) Sering Meninggalkan Solat Berjemaah

Seseorang yang munafik akan cenderung malas dan bahkan meninggalkan solat berjamaah walaupun keadaannya sihat wal’afiat. Ia enggan mendatangi masjid walaupun panggilan adzan telah berkumandang dan memiliki waktu lapang tanpa kesibukan apapun. Ia akan hanya diam seperti tidak mendengar panggilan adzan karena hatinya tertutup oleh kemunafikan.

(17) Membuat Kerosakan Di Muka Bumi Dengan Dalih Mengadakan Perbaikan

Orang munafik selalu memikirkan untuk mendapatkan banyak keuntungan walaupun keuntungan itu harus dengan cara merugikan orang lain. Dan ia sangat pandai untuk memutar balikkan fakta dan menipu orang-orang seakan-akan sedang mengusahakan perbaikan pada dunia padahal ia hanya mengarah keuntungan walaupun dengan mengorbankan dan membuat kerusakan di bumi.

Hal ini telah dijelaskan dalam al-Qur’an Surat Al-Baqarah ayat 11-12 yang berbunyi:

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمۡ لَا تُفۡسِدُواْ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ قَالُوٓاْ إِنَّمَا نَحۡنُ مُصۡلِحُونَ ١١ أَلَآ إِنَّهُمۡ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡسِدُونَ وَلَٰكِن لَّا يَشۡعُرُونَ ١٢

(11) Dan bila dikatakan kepada mereka: “Janganlah kamu membuat kerusakan di muka bumi”. Mereka menjawab: “Sesungguhnya kami orang-orang yang mengadakan perbaikan” (12) Ingatlah, sesungguhnya mereka itulah orang-orang yang membuat kerusakan, tetapi mereka tidak sadar. (Al-Baqarah: 11-12)

(18) Tidak Sesuai Antara Zahir Dengan Bathin

Orang-orang munafik sebenarnya secara zahir telah menyadari dan mengakui tentang adanya Nabi Muhammad sebagai Rasul utusan Allah, namun secara Bathinnya ia masih mendustakan kesaksian tersebut dan memiliki perasaan terselubung yang busuk dan menghancurkan. Penampilan luarnya terlihat beriman namun dalam hatinya hanya main-main.

(19) Takut Terhadap Kejadian Apa Saja

Orang-orang munafik selalu memiliki strategi jahat sehingga ia selalu merasa takut jika orang lain juga memiliki strategi jahat terhadapnya. Jiwanya tidak tenang dengan pikiran-pikiran negatif yang selalu menguasai hatinya dan terlalu sibuk dengan persoalan duniawi. Sehingga ia berharap bahwa hidupnya tetap seperti ini dan tidak diganggu oleh siapapun padahal kehidupan manusia adalah layaknya seperti roda yang terus berputar, kadang di atas dan kadang di bawah.

(20) Beruzur Dengan Dalih Dusta

Orang munafik selalu punya alasan untuk menghindari tanggung jawab apalagi yang bersifat mengorbankan diri seperti berperang atau membantu sesama umat muslim.

وَمِنۡهُم مَّن يَقُولُ ٱئۡذَن لِّي وَلَا تَفۡتِنِّيٓۚ أَلَا فِي ٱلۡفِتۡنَةِ سَقَطُواْۗ وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمُحِيطَةُۢ بِٱلۡكَٰفِرِينَ ٤٩

Di antara mereka ada orang yang berkata: “Berilah saya keizinan (tidak pergi berperang) dan janganlah kamu menjadikan saya terjerumus dalam fitnah”. Ketahuilah bahwa mereka telah terjerumus ke dalam fitnah. Dan sesungguhnya Jahannam itu benar-benar meliputi orang-orang yang kafir. (At-Taubah: 49)

(21) Menyuruh Kemungkaran Dan Mencegah Kemakrufan

Orang-orang munafik secara diam-diam akan terus merosak bumi dan seisinya terlebih dengan akhlak masyarakatnya dengan berbagai cara seperti menggembar-gemborkan tentang kemerdekaan wanita, persamaan hak, penanggalan hijab/jilbab. Mereka juga berusaha memasyarakatkan nyanyian dan konsert, menyebarkan majalah-majalah porno (semi-porno) dan dadah.

Ia terus mengajak orang-orang untuk menikmati hidup yang singkat dan cuma sekali (hidup Cuma sekali atau YOLO, you only live once). Ia mengajak supaya orang-orang tidak terlalu larut dengan ibadah dan keagamaan yang menurutnya lapok dan ketinggalan zaman. Bunyi macam kebiasanya ramai, kan?

(22) Pelit (Lokek)

Orang-orang munafik biasanya sangat gila harta dan sangat pelit (lokek) walau hanya untuk membagi sedikit kekayaannya untuk keluarganya sendiri sekalipun apalagi untuk orang lain yang bukan keluarganya seperti bersedekah atau infak.

(23) Lupa Kepada Allah SWT

Allah sang pencipta seluruh alam dan isinya adalah dzat yang sudah sepatutnya kita ingat dan kita sembah. Akan tetapi hal ini tidak berlaku bagi para munafik. Mereka hanya mengingat kekayaan dan kesenangan duniawi tanpa mengingat Allah SWT.

(24) Mendustakan Janji Allah SWT Dan Rasul-Nya

Allah adalah maha benar dan Rasul adalah utusan Allah yang membawa kebenaran dan keselamatan bagi umat manusia. Namun mereka (orang munafik) tidak mengakuinya dan malah menyebarkan bahwa hal itu adalah dusta semata.

Hal ini dijelaskan dalam Qur’an surat al-Ahzab ayat 12 yang berbunyi:

وَإِذۡ يَقُولُ ٱلۡمُنَٰفِقُونَ وَٱلَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٞ مَّا وَعَدَنَا ٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُۥٓ إِلَّا غُرُورٗا ١٢

Artinya:

Dan (ingatlah) ketika orang-orang munafik dan orang-orang yang berpenyakit dalam hatinya berkata: “Allah dan Rasul-Nya tidak menjanjikan kepada kami melainkan tipu daya” (Al-Ahzab: 12)

(25) Lebih Memperhatikan Zahir, Mengabaikan Batin

Orang munafik selalu sibuk memperbaiki penampilan mereka namun tidak pernah memperhatikan penampilan batin mereka di hadapan Allah SWT. Mereka hanya sibuk berbelanja duniawi tanpa menerapkan sholat, dzikir, dan lainnya.

(26) Sombong Dalam Berbicara

Orang munafik tidak memiliki ilmu apapun namun ia selalu bersikap dan berbicara seolah-olah ia adalah orang berilmu dan berpendidikan. Bicaranya selalu wah dan angkuh supaya terlihat terhormat dan berwibawa.

(27) Tidak Memahami Ad Din (Agama)

Orang munafik hanya tertarik pada urusan duniawi dan mendalami segala hal untuk memperkaya harta serta derajat di mata manusia lain seperti kereta mewah dan mendalami ilmu-ilmu untuk terlihat hebat namun ia enggan untuk mempelajari agama sehingga pengetahuan tentang keagamaannya sangat jahil.

(28) Bersembunyi Dari Manusia Dan Menentang Allah Dengan Perbuatan Dosa

Orang munafik bergaul dan bersama-sama melakukan kebaikan dengan orang taat, namun sesungguhnya ia selalu menganggap ringan perkara-perkara yang melawan hukum Allah SWT bahkan menentang-Nya dengan melakukan berbagai kemungkaran dan kemaksiatan secara sembunyi-sembunyi.

يَسۡتَخۡفُونَ مِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ وَلَا يَسۡتَخۡفُونَ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ وَهُوَ مَعَهُمۡ إِذۡ يُبَيِّتُونَ مَا لَا يَرۡضَىٰ مِنَ ٱلۡقَوۡلِۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ بِمَا يَعۡمَلُونَ مُحِيطًا ١٠٨

Artinya:

Mereka bersembunyi dari manusia, tetapi mereka tidak bersembunyi dari Allah, padahal Allah beserta mereka, ketika pada suatu malam mereka menetapkan keputusan rahasia yang Allah tidak redlai. Dan adalah Allah Maha Meliputi (ilmu-Nya) terhadap apa yang mereka kerjakan. (An-Nisa’: 108)

(29) Senang Melihat Orang Lain Susah, Susah Bila Melihat Orang lain Senang

Orang munafik merasa senang melihat orang lain susah, namun sebaliknya ia merasa susah bila melihat orang lain senang. Ia senantiasa mengikuti perkembangan berita dan menyebarluaskan berita-berita duka dengan memasang caption ikut prihatin padahal hatinya senang dan terhibur karena berita duka tersebut.

(30) Melalaikan solat fardhu

Orang munafik tidak hanya menipu dan merugikan orang lain tapi juga dengan sengaja melalaikan solat fardhu tanpa merasa bersalah sedikitpun.

(31) Dengki

Orang munafik selalu merasa iri dengan apa yang dimiliki orang lain dan selalu menghasut orang-orang untuk juga merasakan iri seperti yang ia rasakan.

(32) Ghasab

Orang munafik memiliki sifat pelit (lokek) namun selalu menganggap apa yang milik orang lain itu bisa ia pinjam atau pinta tanpa harus ia meminta izin terhadap si pemilik, dan jika ia tidak dibolehkan untuk meminjam maka ia marah dan menyebarluaskan ke orang-orang lain bahwa orang tersebut pelit (lokek).

(33) Memakan Harta Anak Yatim

Orang munafik tidak pernah puas dengan kekayaan harta yang dimilikinya sehingga ia tidak segan-segan untuk memakan harta anak yatim.

(34) Tidak Membayar Hutang

Orang munafik selalu gila harta dan enggan membagi hartanya walaupun dalam bentuk pinjaman kepada sesama umat muslim yang memerlukan. Namun ketika ia membutuhkan bantuan berupa pinjaman uang maka ia akan sulit dan tidak rela untuk membayar hutangnya tersebut.

(35) Memutuskan Silaturahim

Orang munafik tidak memperdulikan hal lain selain kesenangan dirinya dalam hal duniawi walaupun harus memutus silaturahmi.

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Puasa Sunat Di bulan Muharam

Puasa Sunat Di bulan Muharam

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَفْضَلُ الصِّيَامِ بَعْدَ رَمَضَانَ شَهْرُ اللَّهِ الْمُحَرَّمُ وَأَفْضَلُ الصَّلَاةِ بَعْدَ الْفَرِيضَةِ صَلَاةُ اللَّيْلِ

Dari Abu Hurairah RA ia berkata; Rasulullah SAW bersabda: “Seutama-utama puasa setelah Ramadan ialah puasa dalam bulan Allah iaitu bulan Muharam, dan seutama-utama solat sesudah solat Fardu, ialah solat malam.” (HR Muslim No: 1982) Status: Hadis Sahih

Pengajaran:

1. Bulan Muharam adalah salah satu bulan haram yang dianjurkan Rasulullah SAW untuk banyak melakukan puasa sunat di dalamnya.

2. Bulan Muharam disebut sebagai bulan Allah menunjukkan kemuliaan dan kelebihan bulan Muharam.

3. Menurut Imam Nawawi bulan Muharam adalah antara bulan yang paling utama untuk memperbanyak puasa sunat. Antaranya berpuasa pada hari ke-9 (Tasuua’a) dan ke-10 (Asyura’).

4. Solat sunat yang utama selepas solat fardu ialah solat sunat malam (qiamullail).

Rebutlah peluang kedatangan bulan Muharam untuk melakukan banyak puasa sunat khususnya pada 9hb dan 10hb Muharam (19hb Sept hari Rabu dan 20hb Sept hari Khamis) di samping memperbanyak solat malam.

muharram.jpeg

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The month of Allah – Muharram

Main Take Away:

  • Muharram is a sacred month (No other month has been called shahrullahil , which means the month of Allah)
  • One of the 4 sacred months. Among these twelve months four are sacred, namely, Rajab, which stands alone, and three others which are consecutive. The three successive sacred (forbidden) months mentioned by Prophet Muhammad (months in which battles are forbidden) are Dhu al-Qa’dah, Dhu al-Hijjah, and Muharram)
  • Muharram is the most sacred of the 4 months
  • Muharram was decided as the 1st month of islamic calender.
  • The day of ashura, refers to 10th of Ashara (was made obligatory in the 1st year after hijrah), then Allah reveal Ramadhan which in turn become obligatory. In the 2nd year, fasting on the day of ashura no longer obligatory but recommended.

 

“The best month to fast, after that of ramadhan is shahrullahil Muharram”

“Ibn Abbas reported, I never saw the prophet Muhammad SAW more concerned about fasting than on the day of ashura, and in the month of muharram.”

“Fasting on the day of ashura, that it served as a forgiveness of the sins of the previous year”

“If Allah allows me (Prophet Muhammad SAW) to live another tear, I shall fast the ninth & tenth of Muharram”

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The Daily Routine of The Most Influential Man in History

Key Take-aways

  • His life structured around the 5 daily prayers.
  • He was sent to perfect good character
  • Incorporate dua (supplication) for every action that we take.
  • He begins his day with gratitude, recognizing what a gift it is to be alive for another day and reminding himself (and us) that there’s life after death which gives him drive and purpose to live the best version of himself that day.
  • He encourage mindful living and present in his daily activities.
  • Taking a nap before Dhuhr would imporve your productivity
  • Spend quality time with your family members and close companions

 

In case you are wondering who is the most influential man in history, for me, it was the Holy Prophet Muhammad SAW, the last and final messenger of the Almighty/

“My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels,” Michael Hurts, ‘The 100, a Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History’.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is one of the most revered & influential persons in history – yet arguably the most misunderstood as well. He would surely fit within the “misfits” description of Steve Jobs, “You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them. About the only thing you can’t do is ignore them. Because they change things. They push the human race forward.

He was a man whose life was recorded in minute detail, and today billions follow in his footsteps in the way they live their life, dress, eat and sleep. Yet, his life lessons are rarely translated to be made relevant to our modern day challenges.

He was a man who lived the best version of himself, yet many people who claim to follow him, rarely reflect this best self-image of him.

Among the best advice which I heard about following his footstep in term of his lifestyle and way of life, is to follow him in totality. We have no right to take pieces or bits of his life to follow blindly. Muhammad SAW is the perfect example to humanity, therefore, we need to understand the different aspects of his life and follow accordingly.

In this article, our purpose is to translate the daily routine of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) into a practical guide that will not only let you see the beauty and relevance of his life to your life but will become a blueprint for the habits and routines you need to adapt in your life to live the best version of yourself: spiritually, physically, and socially.

لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا

”The Messenger of God is an excellent model for those of you who put your hope in God and the Last Day and remember Him often.” [Qur’an 33: 21]

Why should I follow the routine of a man who lived 1400 years ago?

Our daily habits and routines make a huge difference whether we live the best version of ourselves, or not. And one of the challenges each one of us faces is choosing the habits and routines that work for us and that over a lifetime, help us live a meaningful and impactful life. After all, each one of us wants to achieve success in life, and no one wants to be a failure.

The question is: what are these habits and routines? And which ones will guarantee that we’ll live a productive, meaningful life?

Usually, the quick answer is to look up successful contemporary people and try to copy their habits and routines. Just Google the term “habits of successful people,” and you’ll see millions of search results with articles and books on what do successful people do that most of us fail to do. But there are three issues with this approach:

  1. Pseudo-Truth: We only see the parts of their routine that they allow us to see. And we don’t know the person as a whole. (i.e., What are their habits and routines when they are lazy and are having a bad day?).
  2. One Dimensional: Most of the habits/routines highlighted are work-related routines, and we rarely see spiritual, physical, or social routines highlighted.
  3. The 1%: Most modern-day successful people have had a “leg-up” on the social ladder and are starting off from a solid socio-economic base or live in centers of civilization that allow them opportunities to prosper. Think of all the successful Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, it’s hard to imagine some of them succeeding at the scale they did if they started from the slums of an impoverished nation.

Contrary to the above, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was:

  • A successful person across all areas of his life – this is not by my account, but by the statement of many historians and biographers throughout history.
  • His life was recorded in detail by his family, friends, and even enemies and hence we see him in his most intimate moments as well as public moments.
  • He was successful despite being born in the deserts of Arabia (away from the Roman/Byzantine centers of culture and civilization)
  • An orphan whose father died before he was born and mother died at the age of six, living poor for most of his life.
  • He was successful with his mission despite the odds stacked against him and losing many of his family members and friends due to his message.
  • He is loved and revered by over a billion people today and his message survived over 1400 years. Just to give a glimpse of how much loved and revered he was with his companions, every single one of his companions thinks that they are his best friend and closest one to him.
  • So now, are you intrigued to know more about his daily routine? Do you wonder what those small decisions he made every day and how it led him to what he became?

“Yes, but he lived in a desert, life was simple back then, and he didn’t have Facebook!”

One of the ironies of modern life is although we’ve progressed with our technologies, we’ve regressed in our humanity. As Dr.Martin Luther King said, our scientific power has outrun our spiritual power, we’ve created guided missiles but misguided humanity.

our scientific power has outrun our spiritual power, we’ve created guided missiles but misguided humanity.

We think that because we live in the 21st century, in modern buildings with modern amenities and technologies a touch away, we’re somehow a different breed or a separate human species from people who came before us and therefore their lifestyle does not apply to ours, and their habits and routines are beneath us.

However, when we look closely into their lives, we’ll notice that they faced the same challenges we face. The challenge of finding meaning and purpose in life, balancing between their various roles, being successful in their endeavors, maintaining relationships, and leaving a legacy to be remembered. They loved, bled, cried, laughed, and lived their humanity and left us an example for us through their stories and example. And what better story to follow and learn from then the story of a man who according to his wife was a walking breathing Qur’an (the last divine message to mankind). For which I truly hope to follow, as well as I do pray that Allah SWT give us all the strength and willpower to do so.

“Fine, but he was a Prophet! Someone special, I’m not special.”

Let me ask you this: how do you think special people become special? Isn’t it through their daily habits and routines? And for Prophets, their habits and routines were divinely inspired which makes them even more vital to emulate to help us live the best version of ourselves.

Are you ready now to delve deeper into the detailed breakdown of Prophet Muhammad’s routine? Read this article with an open mind and an open heart, and it might just change the way you live your life forever.

Preamble

Before we begin, there are a few essential points to keep in mind as you read this article:

  1. Using the word “routine” might not be the best description of a typical day in Prophet Muhammad’s life. As you’ll read below, he used to adapt each day to the needs of his family and community and did not follow a strict 9-5 routine. Having said that, you’ll see a clear structure for his days (mostly surrounding prayer times) and never was a moment ‘wasted’ or not utilized at its best.
  2. The foundational piece of understanding the Prophet’s routine is his famous saying, “I was sent to perfect good character.” [Al Adab Al Mufrad] So every decision and choice he made, regarding how he spent his time, who he spent it with, and what he did on a day to day basis, comes back to this foundational piece. See if you can notice this thread as you read this article. As for myself, I do have lots of shortcomings for which I truly hope to improve.
  3. The Prophet’s primary mission and role in life were to save humanity by inviting them to the way of God. That was his full-time occupation. He was also a father, grandfather, husband, father-in-law, brother-in-law, and leader of his community. Again, keep this in mind as you read about his day to day routines and habits.

وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلَىٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ

“And indeed, you are of a great moral character.” [Qur’an 68: 4]

Below we describe the Prophet’s daily routine based on a typical day during the latter part of his life, in the city of Madinah, when things started to settle down, most of his enemies embraced Islam, and he was in a position of strength and influence.

The Prophetic Morning Routine

Close your eyes and imagine for a moment that you’re zooming into the humble dwelling of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It’s almost time for Fajr (Dawn) prayer, and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is either awake praying/remembering God or taking a brief nap after a long night in prayers.

Bilal, his friend and African Muethin (caller of prayer), calls the Madinan community to worship with his beautiful voice and the Prophet (peace be upon him) rubs his eyes, picks up his Siwak (a natural toothbrush made from the Salvadora persica tree (known as arāk, أراك, in Arabic)) and upon completing purifying his breath, utters the words “All praise is for Allah who gave us life after having taken it from us and unto Him is the Resurrection.” He sits up listening intently to the call to prayer, repeating the words of the Muethin (Bilal) , then he gets up to prepare himself for prayer.

He prays a couple of rak’aahs (units of prayer) in his home and lies on his right side waiting to be called to lead the prayers. If his wife is awake, he might spend these calm, precious moments speaking to her lovingly, staying present and nurturing his relationship with her. Perhaps during these moments, he might reflect on what he told his companions that Whoever among you wakes up physically healthy, feeling safe and secure within himself, with food for the day, it is as if he acquired the whole world” [Sunan Ibn Majah].

Whoever among you wakes up physically healthy, feeling safe and secure within himself, with food for the day, it is as if he acquired the whole world” [Sunan Ibn Majah].

When Bilal (may Allāh be pleased with him) would see that the people have gathered for prayer, he would come close to the Prophet’s house and say: “Prayer, O Prophet of God.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) would come out of his house, look up to the sky, then say: In the name of Allah, I place my trust in Allah, and there is no might nor power except with Allah. O Allah, I take refuge with You lest I should stray or be led astray, or slip or be tripped, or oppress or be oppressed, or behave foolishly or be treated foolishly.

Then he enters the masjid (mosque) with his right foot and supplicates: In the name of Allah, and prayers and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me. I take refuge with Allah, The Supreme and with His Noble Face, and His eternal authority from the accursed devil.”

When Bilal (may Allāh be pleased with him) sees him entering the Masjid (Mosque), he would call an iqama (a particular call signifying the start of prayer) and the Companions would stand in neat straight rows behind the Prophet (peace be upon him) who would lead them in a long, serene dawn prayers.

After the prayers, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would spend time remembering God with special early morning supplications, then he’ll turn and face his congregation behind him.

During these early moments, when people are fresh from their sleep and refreshed with prayers, he would converse with them. Sometimes he’d share moving teachings that would make them cry. Sometimes he would ask questions to provoke curiosity and creativity. Sometimes he’d share a dream he had or will ask if any of them saw a dream so he might interpret it for them. And sometimes he might just sit and listen to his companions as they discussed life matters among themselves. He would stay present in their company until the sun rises.

After sunrise, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would go back to his home. He would enter his home with his right foot saying: “In the name of Allah we enter and in the name of Allah we leave, and upon our Lord, we place our trust.” As soon as he enters, he would use the siwak again, and greet his whole family, asking how they are and praying for them. During his visits, he might ask if there’s any food available that day; if there is, he will eat, and if there’s none, he would say “Then, I’m fasting.”

‘He begins his day with gratitude, recognizing what a gift it is to be alive for another day and reminding himself (and us) that there’s life after death which gives him drive and purpose to live the best version of himself that day.’

Reflections on the Prophetic Morning Routine:

Think about these first few steps? How do they compare with our first actions when we wake up?

  • He wakes up at dawn (i.e., before sunrise) for the morning prayers. And every successful person will tell you that the secret to productivity and success is to wake up early. In fact, one of Prophet Muhammad’s famous saying is “The early hours are blessed for my nation” [Tirmidhi] meaning there are blessing and goodness in these early hours.
  • He’s mindful & present during these first few moments of waking up, conscious of his first few actions by cleansing his mouth, expressing gratitude to God, intently listening to the call to prayer. Compare this with our addiction to checking our phones as soon as we wake up and the impact it has on our focus and mindset.
  • He begins his day with gratitude, recognizing what a gift it is to be alive for another day and reminding himself (and us) that there’s life after death which gives him drive and purpose to live the best version of himself that day.
  • He’s present in every step (entering the mosque with his right foot, leave with his left, entering his home with his right) and blesses every transitions with a supplication or prayer (there are numerous recorded supplications of the Prophet for practically every transition/action a person might go through in a day, from supplications to entering/ leaving home, to supplications for putting on clothes/taking off clothes, to even supplications before entering/leaving the bathroom). These supplications serve the purpose of keeping someone spiritually conscious and aware throughout his/her daily activities.
  • His first primary “task” is the morning prayers and staying focused on remembering his purpose of life. What is our first major “task”? Responding to emails? Rushing to get kids to school because we woke up late?
  • He nurtured his relationships before sunrise, asking about his family/companions, engaging with them in meaningful conversations (and not act too busy to be involved in their lives).
  • He was easy going – if there’s food, he’d have breakfast. If there’s no food, he will fast. Compare this with the obsession most of us have for our morning cup of coffee or some particular breakfast item that “we can’t start our day without!”

The Prophetic Day

After he visits his family, he would go back to the masjid (mosque) and pray two rak’ahs (units of prayer), then he would sit in the masjid (mosque), and the companions would gather around him.

This was a known time for everyone in Madinah to come and see the Prophet (peace be upon him) if they wanted to spend time with him, ask him anything or needed anything from him.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) would spend this time teaching and share from the knowledge that Allah has given him as well as take care of the political and social affairs of his community.

This was the time that the Prophet (peace be upon him) would also receive delegations from nearby and far lands. Either newly converted tribes to his faith, or friendly tribes that did not embrace his faith but nevertheless came to pay their respects. He would greet his guests, honor them and ask about their news and how he can help them.

At these gatherings, the Prophet (peace be upon him) never had a particular seat or clearly marked symbol, to the point that when strangers would come to the gathering, they would have to ask who among them is the Prophet! (Only later in his life, did the Companions insist on making a special raised area for him and the Prophet agreed).

Sometimes food would be given as a gift at this gathering, and the Prophet and everyone around him would eat together communally. Even if the food is little, there’d be enough for everybody, a sign the companions took to be the barakah (blessing) of having the Prophet amongst them.

During these morning hours between sunrise and just before noon, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would also go to visit some of his relatives and companions. He will visit his daughter Fatimah (may Allāh be pleased with her) and spend time with his grandsons playing with them and be their playful granddad, or he will visit his friends who were sick, or lost a loved one.

Also, during these hours he would walk through the Madinah market, greeting the passersby with his beautiful smile, talking with young children and asking about them, and if a person stops him (whether male or female, young or old), he would stop and listen to them and see how he can help them. Sometimes he would walk alone, other times with his Companions.

Before Noon, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would go to his house, and as soon as he enters, he would first use the siwak, say salam to his family and pray some rak’ahs (units) of an optional (forenoon) prayer called Duha. Then sometimes if there’s food he eats, and if there isn’t he would continue his fast if he started fasting that morning.

Usually, at this time, the women of Madinah would come and visit the Prophet (peace be upon him) and ask questions about faith and rituals which they might be embarrassed to ask in a crowded mosque.

This is the time when he would also be helping his family, serving them, repairing his shoes and clothes, milking the sheep or goat, and supporting himself and his family with daily chores. He would also spend quality time with his family, talking, smiling and laughing with them.

Sometimes while at home, his close Companions would visit him at this hour such as Abu Bakr (may Allāh be pleased with him), Umar (may Allāh be pleased with him) and Uthman (may Allāh be pleased with him).

Then he would take a nap until close to the Dhuhr (Noon) prayer.

When Dhuhr (Noon) time comes, and Bilal (may Allāh be pleased with him) calls for prayer, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would wake up from his nap if he’s still asleep, and would perform wudhu (ablution) then pray in his home four units of prayers before the main Dhuhr (Noon) prayer. He’d wait for the salah (prayer) in his house, then he’d come out to the Masjid (Mosque), and Bilal (may Allāh be pleased with him) would call for the prayer to start.

After the Dhuhr (Noon) prayer, he would sometimes use this opportunity to address his congregation about an important spiritual or social matter. Afterward, he would return home and pray two units of voluntary prayers after the noon prayer then he’d go out with his Companions to fulfill specific duties needed in the city, or he’d stay in the mosque until Asr (Afternoon) prayer.

Once he returns from the masjid (mosque) after Asr (afternoon), he would spend quality time with his entire family in a relaxed, joyful atmosphere; he would ask his family questions, or they’d ask him questions, and the Prophetic house would learn and grow in understanding of the Divine revelation.

‘He was easy going – if there’s food, he’d have breakfast. If there’s no food, he will fast. Compare this with the obsession most of us have for our morning cup of coffee or some special breakfast item that “We can’t start our day without!

Reflections on the Prophetic Day

This part of the Prophet’s day might seem all over the place, and hard to draw specific routines that we can implement in our lives but consider the following:

  • He had designated “office hours” in the morning where people knew where to find him, and they could ask their questions. If you’re a leader and executive, being available and present for your team is extremely important.
  • He napped! The most influential man in history, the man whose task was to save humanity, and the man who has over a billion followers today, took time to nap. Let this sink in for a bit. Don’t tell me you’re too busy or important to nap.
  • His day was interjected with prayers and more prayers. Barely a few hours pass in his day before you see him praying. As if he’s recharging his batteries and taking a “break” from the world with prayers.
  • He went out to see his family and community and didn’t expect people to visit him. This was the leader of his community, the most beloved and respected person in town. You probably expect people to come and visit him all the time. Yet he took time out of his day to go in the market, visit the sick, spend time with the poor. A powerful lesson in servant leadership.
  • Whenever he was home. He spends quality time with his family. One of most powerful testimonies to his character was that we never hear any family member, or friend, or community member complaining to the Prophet saying “You’re always busy! You never give me enough time”. How many of us can honestly say they haven’t heard that complaint in their life at least once?
    Narrated Al-Aswad that he asked `Aisha (wife of the Prophet) “What did the Prophet (ﷺ) use to do in his house?” She replied, “He used to keep himself busy serving his family and when it was the time for prayer he would go for it.” [Sahih Al Bukhari]

The Prophetic Evening Routine

When the Maghrib (sunset) call to prayer was made, he would go to the mosque and lead his Companions in a short prayer.

This was dinner time in Madinah so he wouldn’t give a talk or sermon after this prayer. Everyone is hurrying home to cook and eat their meals before the last prayer of the day.

He would come home and pray two optional (units) rak’ahs of prayer after Maghrib, then he’d have his dinner. Sometimes he used to invite some of his friends over to have dinner at his place if there’s food; sometimes he’d come home and find nothing except dates and water. Sometimes days would pass, and food wouldn’t be cooked in the house of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

When there was food, his food was placed on the floor for him, and he never ate on a table. When the food is brought to him, he would say “Bismillah” (In the name of Allah) and eat from what’s next to him, and he would eat with three fingers (thumb, index finger, and middle finger) with his right hand. He never complained of whatever was presented to him: he either ate it or would leave the food if he didn’t like it.

If he were eating with one of his wives, he would make this quality time for her, to the point of feeding her sometimes or eating from the same spot where his wife ate from or drinking from the same place in the cup where his wife drank from.

If he sat with his friends, the dinner meal never went by without a pleasing talk, or teaching manners or spreading knowledge.

After he finished eating, the Prophet used to lick his fingers and praise his Lord abundantly for the food given no matter how little. He would then wash his mouth.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) would remain in his home until the call to prayer for Isha (night) is called, and he would typically not hasten this last prayer of the night. If the Companions are gathered early, he will start the prayer; if the Companions are delayed, he will delay the prayers.

He would rarely speak or give a talk after this prayer because the people are tired and they need their sleep.

Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) would return to his home and pray two optional rak’ahs (units) of prayer after Isha (night) prayer. He would then spend some time talking to his family and enjoying their company. Sometimes he would go to his close Companions’ houses and spend time with them.

Sometimes on his way back from one of his friend’s house, he might pass by someone reciting Qur’an beautifully, and he would stand there and listen. Or he would enter the masjid (mosque) and talk to whoever is there, as the mosque always had the poor spending their nights there.

When he enters his home, he prepares himself for sleep, hangs his clothes and comes into bed with his wife, sharing a blanket and a pillow together. His bed was made of animal skin stuffed with fiber, and his pillow was made of similar material – needless to say, these left some marks on his skin as he slept but that didn’t bother him. He would place his siwak close to his head so that he’d use it as soon as he wakes up.

He would sleep on his right side, and place his hand under his right cheek, then recite some supplications before sleeping.

Then he would sleep, and if he turns during sleep, you’d hear him remembering God, his heart always connected to Him. and he would continue sleeping until midnight.

When the night reaches midnight, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) wakes up and sits, wiping the sleep from his face, and he’d take his siwak and brush his teeth with it, then he would look up to the sky and recite the last 10 verses of Chapter 3 in the Quran. He would then get up and make wudhu (ablution), put his clothes on and start his night prayer either at home or in the mosque.

If you were to observe the Prophet (peace be upon him) praying at night, you’d feel that he’s genuinely immersed in another world and he’s in no haste to finish. He gathers all his emotions, feelings, and callings and pours them into his prayers and calling upon his Lord. He would read hundreds of verses, verse by verse. If he passes by a verse that has mercy in it, he would ask Allah subḥānahu wa ta’āla (glorified and exalted be He) for His forgiveness. If he moves by a verse that has punishment in it, he will seek Allah’s subḥānahu wa ta’āla (glorified and exalted be He) refuge from the punishment. And if he passes by a verse that glorifies his Lord, he would praise his Lord.

Not only were his recitations lengthy, but even his bowing and prostration were almost as long as he’s standing, to the point that one day one of his Companions joined him for the night prayer and was about to quit because it was getting too difficult for the companion to continue.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) remained in this state of praying, supplicating, glorifying, reciting, bowing and prostrating from midnight until there was nothing left of the night except a sixth of it. He would then wake his wife to join him for the final 3-units of prayer (known as Witr prayer), and they’d pray together.

Sometimes during the hours between midnight and Dawn, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would leave his house and go to the nearby cemetery and pray for the deceased from his family, friends, and followers.

When the night was about to end, and the last sixth was remaining, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would take a short nap and rest his body until Fajr (Dawn) prayer before beginning a new day.

‘He’s present in every step and blesses every transition with a supplication or prayer. These supplications serve the purpose of keeping someone spiritually conscious and aware throughout his/her daily activities.’

Reflections on his evening routine:

  • You can see how the Prophet was winding down; praying, spending time with his family, and getting to bed early. His humanity came through in these moments when he was tired and needed sleep like all of us.
  • However, he also got up for the night prayer which was his spiritual way of recharging for his mission. These prayers weren’t a chore or burden on him, he genuinely enjoyed them and found solace and peace in them. It’s as if the Prophet discovered his “me” time and “self-care” time in these night prayers, away from the demands of his family and community.
  • He was loyal to his family and friends even after they passed away. How many of us sincerely would remember our deceased loved ones in the middle of the night, and perhaps also go to the cemetery to pay our respect at that hour. If you’re a leader, to what extent will you go to show loyalty to those who follow you?

Final Thought – What drove the Prophet?

As I was writing this, I was reflecting on what “motivated” prophet Muhammad to live the best version of himself, every single day. Many of us if we were to establish a healthy routine, find it very difficult to stay consistent with it. What made Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) stick to his routine and be the best version of himself: spiritually, physically, and socially. It’s easy to dismiss the question and say “well, he’s the Prophet and he got special qualities”. That is true, but there might be something deeper. Perhaps the key to the Prophet’s motivation and living the best version of himself was Love:

  • His love for God made him conscious of Him all the time through prayers, supplications, even being conscious about his breath before uttering God’s name.
  • His love for his family made him spend quality time with them and be intimate with them and not ignore their needs.
  • His love for his companions made him reach out to them, teach them, pray for them even after they died
  • And his love for humanity made him persevere in pushing for his message despite the challenges and achieve success for generations to come.

What thoughts came to your mind as you were reading the Prophet’s daily routine? What part of it will you be able to focus on and implement in your life? Share in the comments below and invite your friends and family to read the account of the most influential man in history.

Reference: Productive muslim

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7 habits of highly effective husband

1. Work-life balance

Life is just like a game of monopoly. We go round and round looking for the best deals, making profit, taking risk, hoarding assets but once the game end (regardless who wins), all your ‘assets’ went back into the box. So, make time for what truly important, for you.

2. Exercise & Staying Fit

Death is certain, we can’t delay or expedite it by a single second, but that does not mean we shouldn’t try. Try as best as we can to keep fit.

3. Dress Well & with Ihsan

[7:26] O children of Adam! We have indeed sent down to you clothing to cover your shame, and (clothing) for beauty and clothing that guards (against evil), that is the best. This is of the communications of Allah that they may be mindful.

4. Help out around the house

Now, you need to understand. Your wife is not your maid, she is your mate. So, help out around the house.

5. Read (especially the Quran)

The prophet SAW said “Seeking knowledge is an obligation upon every Muslim” [Ibn Majah] and the key to knowledge is reading.

6. Take your wife out – Plan stuff

Give your wife the attention she deserve.

7. Help with the meals

That can be cooking and up to but not limited to cleaning the dishes.

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