Learning for worldly gain

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, ‘Whoever acquires knowledge by which the pleasure of Allah (should be) sought, but he only acquires it for the purpose of worldly gain, he will not smell the fragrance of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection.’

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَنْ تَعَلَّمَ عِلْمًا مِمَّا يُبْتَغَى بِهِ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَا يَتَعَلَّمُهُ إِلَّا لِيُصِيبَ بِهِ عَرَضًا مِنْ الدُّنْيَا لَمْ يَجِدْ عَرْفَ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَعْنِي رِيحَهَا

Abu Hurairah narrated:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, ‘Whoever acquires knowledge by which the pleasure of Allah (should be) sought, but he only acquires it for the purpose of worldly gain, he will not smell the fragrance of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection.’

Narrated in Sunan Ibn Majah, hadith no. 260
Grade: Hasan (sound)
Translation adapted from sunnah.com

Lessons:

  1. Learning is an obligation on every Muslim.
  2. Acquiring knowledge should be with the aim of seeking Allah’s pleasure.
  3. A person who learns merely for the sake of worldly gain, such as for rank and position, will not enter Paradise.

We should make sincere our intentions when learning, for the sake of pleasing Allah.

Ask Allah forgiveness for others

I heard the Prophet (ﷺ) say, “Those who seek forgiveness for the believing men and women, Allah will record his good deeds as many as all the believers.”

REWARD FOR THOSE WHO SEEK FORGIVENESS FOR OTHERS

عن عبادة بن الصامت ، قال : سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول مَنِ اسْتَغْفَرَ لِلْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ كَتَبَ اللهُ لَهُ بِكُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ وَمُؤْمِنَةٍ حَسَنَةً

Narrated Ubadah ibn as-Samit:
I heard the Prophet (ﷺ) say, “Those who seek forgiveness for the believing men and women, Allah will record his good deeds as many as all the believers.”

Narrated by Thabrani
Grade: daif (weak)

Lessons:

  1. Among the obligations of faith is to sustain ukhuwah (brotherhood) among the believers.
  2. One of the signs of brotherhood and love among the believers is to seek forgiveness for one another. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

اسْتَغْفِرُوا لِأَخِيكُمْ

“Seek forgiveness for your brothers”

Narrated by Muslim

  1. Among the prayers which may be practiced is:

رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلِإِخْوَانِنَا الَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَا تَجْعَلْ فِي قُلُوبِنَا غِلًّا لِلَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ رَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ

“Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts [any] resentment toward those who have believed. Our Lord, indeed You are Kind and Merciful.” (Al-Hashr: 60)

The 3 which will follow us even after death

Three Things Follow the Deceased

سَمِعَ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَتْبَعُ الْمَيِّتَ ثَلَاثَةٌ فَيَرْجِعُ اثْنَانِ وَيَبْقَى مَعَهُ وَاحِدٌ يَتْبَعُهُ أَهْلُهُ وَمَالُهُ وَعَمَلُهُ فَيَرْجِعُ أَهْلُهُ وَمَالُهُ وَيَبْقَى عَمَلُهُ

Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.) said, “When carried to his grave, a person is followed by three, two of which return (after his burial) and one which remains with him. His relatives, his possessions, and his deeds follow him; his relatives and his possessions return, while his deeds remain with him.”

Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim
Grade: sahih (authentic)
Translation adapted from sunnah.com

Lessons:

  1. When a son of Adam dies, what follows him are his relatives, his possessions, and his deeds.
  2. After entering the grave, two that follow the deceased will return: his family members and relatives will go home, resuming life as usual. His wealth and property will be distributed among inheritors.
  3. Only his deeds remain by his side. Blessed is the deceased if he had performed a multitude of virtuous deeds during his lifetime – the deeds will be his companion and aid in the grave.

Let us increase our good deeds while we are still in good shape and health, for it will be our provision in the Hereafter.

Fasting, Dhuha &Witr Prayer

عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ قَالَ أَوْصَانِي حَبِيبِي صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِثَلَاثٍ لَنْ أَدَعَهُنَّ مَا عِشْتُ بِصِيَامِ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ وَصَلَاةِ الضُّحَى وَبِأَنْ لَا أَنَامَ حَتَّى أُوتِرَ

Narrated Abu Darda’:
“My beloved Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) instructed me in three (acts), and I would never abandon them for as long as I live: Three days of fasting every month, the dhuha (forenoon) prayer, and that I should not sleep till I have observed the witr prayer.”

Narrated by Muslim
Grade: sahih (authentic)
Translation adapted from sunnah.com

Lessons:

  1. Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) instructed us to adhere to some supererogatory (sunat) acts of worship.
  2. He enjoined upon us three acts:

a. Three days of voluntary fasting every month
b. Performing the dhuha (forenoon) prayer every day
c. Performing the witr prayer before going to bed every night

Let’s try our best to carry out all three recommended acts