Density Glass Hydrometer Method (ASTM D-1298) For stabilized hydrocarbon sample (preferred method) ASTM D-1298 Stabilized liquid hydrocarbon sample is cooled to approximately 15°C or 60°F (depending on the liquid pour point) and transferred into a hydrometer jar. Find observed density… Read More ›
Oil & Gas Notes
My notes around the oil & gas industry
Disclaimer Disclaimer – this is my note as of 2016. Hasn’t been updated since then. Prover Design Generally there are 2 prover design. Displacement prover Master-meter prover Displacement Prover There are 2 type of displacement prover Conventional pipe prover Small… Read More ›
Turbine Meter & PD Meter Turbine meter and positive displacement (PD) meters are normally used to measure liquid hydrocarbon for custody transfer purpose. Turbine meter has been the meter of choice for measuring liquid hydrocarbon for custody transfer and allocation… Read More ›
This is an example of production optimization for crude oil well with gas lift manifold. Simple flow chart Where to target for production optimization? 1. Gas lift manifold injection gas manifold metering and control 2. Oil Well wellhead tubing and… Read More ›
This are among the factors which potentially affect oil and gas production. Hence, must be consider during the planning stages. Well potential Capacity Availability Deferments Safety Legislation Contracts Demand
Petroleum Income Tax Act 1967 New tax and investment initiatives introduced particularly under Petroleum Income Tax Act 1967 to promote oil and gas exploration activities. Economic Transformation Program (ETP) Launch 25 September 2010 Part of National Transformation Program Goal to… Read More ›
Bill of lading (B/L) Bill of lading are the most important document of nearly all contracts of carriage by sea. Once issued, a bill of lading: Acts as a receipt for the cargo shipped; Represents the contract of carriage between… Read More ›
This is the regulatory requirement for getting the crude oil terminal up and running in Malaysia. Trade License for terminal (state regulations). Storage License (Federal regulation, under KPDNHEP). Petroleum license (Federal regulations, under KPDNHEP, PDA 1974) . Terminal gazetted as… Read More ›
When calculating Vessel Experience Factor (VEF), only the most recent 20 voyages should be used. And. A valid VEF is one that results from at least 5 qualifying voyages.
Here what to do if the vessel incurs an in transit loss of product and an in transit gain in water: Obtain samples of the free water. Might be needed for salinity test. Check the vessel’s bunkers and bunker consumption… Read More ›
A US barrel has a volume of 42 US gallons.