If he intended to do an evil deed but does not carry it out, Allaah records a complete good deed for him. That is, if he leaves it for the sake of Allaah as has come in some wordings,
لأنه تر كها من جرائي
“Because he left it for My behalf,”*
Meaning: for My sake. The proofs indicate that the person who intended to do an evil deed but does not carry it out is divided into three types:
- He tries to carry it out and strives for it, but he does not achieve it. A complete sin is written against this one.
- He intends to do it then he refrains, not from fear of Allaah, because of his own self. There is nothing written for or against this.
- He abandons it for the sake of Allaah, The Mighty, The Majestic, fearing Him. This, as has come in the Hadeeth, Allaah records a complete good deed.
وإن هم بها فعملها كتبها الله سيئة واحدة
“If he intended it and carried it out, Allaah records it as one evil deed.”
Book: Explanatory Notes on Imaam an-Nawawee’s Forty Ahaadeeth (Revisited) – التعليقات على الأربعين النووية
Author: Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen رحمه الله
Published by: Tarbiyyah Publishing
Translated by: Aboo Mu’aawiyah ‘Aqeel ibn Kenneth Ingram