(Hadith) VOLUNTARY FASTING EVERY MONTH

أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَمْرٍو قَالَ أُخْبِرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنِّي أَقُولُ وَاللَّهِ لَأَصُومَنَّ النَّهَارَ وَلَأَقُومَنَّ اللَّيْلَ مَا عِشْتُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ قَدْ قُلْتُهُ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي قَالَ فَإِنَّكَ لَا تَسْتَطِيعُ ذَلِكَ فَصُمْ وَأَفْطِرْ وَقُمْ وَنَمْ وَصُمْ مِنْ الشَّهْرِ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ فَإِنَّ الْحَسَنَةَ بِعَشْرِ أَمْثَالِهَا وَذَلِكَ مِثْلُ صِيَامِ الدَّهْرِ قُلْتُ إِنِّي أُطِيقُ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ قَالَ فَصُمْ يَوْمًا وَأَفْطِرْ يَوْمَيْنِ قُلْتُ إِنِّي أُطِيقُ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ قَالَ فَصُمْ يَوْمًا وَأَفْطِرْ يَوْمًا فَذَلِكَ صِيَامُ دَاوُدَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام وَهُوَ أَفْضَلُ الصِّيَامِ فَقُلْتُ إِنِّي أُطِيقُ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لَا أَفْضَلَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ

Narrated Abdullah bin Amr:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) was informed that I had taken an oath to fast daily and to pray (every night) all the night throughout my life (so Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) came to me and asked whether it was correct): I replied, “Let my parents be sacrificed for you! (Yes) I said so.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “You can not do that. So, fast for a few days and give it up for a few days, offer Salat (prayer) and sleep. Fast three days a month, as the reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times and that will be equal to one year of fasting.” I replied, “I can do better than that.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said to me, “Fast one day and give up fasting for two days.” I replied, “I can do better than that.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said to me, “Fast one day and give up fasting for a day and that is the fasting of Prophet David and that is the best fasting.” I said, “I have the power to fast better (more) than that.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “There is no better fasting than that.”

Narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari, hadith 1976
Grade: sahih (authentic)
Translation adapted from sunnah.com

Lessons:

  1. Rasulullah (ﷺ) taught us that there are limits to voluntary fasting and nighttime prayers (although both are highly encouraged).
  2. Fasting for three days in a month is like fasting the whole of the month because a day of fasting is rewarded tenfold. Rasulullah (ﷺ) said:

عن عبدالله بن عمرو بن العاص قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم: (صوم ثلاثة ايام من كل شهر صوم الدهر كله.. ) متفق عليه..

Narrated Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said to me, “So fast three days a month, for this will be the fasting of a whole year, or equal to the fasting of a whole year.”

Narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari, hadith 3419
Grade: sahih (authentic)
Translation adapted from sunnah.com

عن ابي ذر قال: قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم: (إِذَا صُمْتَ مِنْ الشَّهْرِ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ فَصُمْ ثَلَاثَ عَشْرَةَ وَأَرْبَعَ عَشْرَةَ وَخَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ) رواه الترمذي

Abu Dharr narrated that:
The Messenger of Allah said, “O Abu Dharr! When you fast three days out of a month, fast the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth.”

Narrated in Jami` at-Tirmidhi, hadith 761
Grade: hasan (sound)
Translation adapted from sunnah.com

  1. If one wishes to fast more, it is permissible to fast every three days (which will add up to roughly 10 days of fasting per month).
  2. If one wants to fast even more, fast every other day (equalling 15 days of fasting per month); this is the fast of Prophet David (peace be upon him).
  3. There is no better fasting than the fasting taught by Rasulullah (ﷺ).

Let’s strive to perform voluntary fasting for at least 3 days a month. If we’re able, let’s try and fast every three days or even every two days, emulating Prophet David (peace be upon him).

Source – https://t.me/ahadithadayAHAD

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Categories: Hadith | Hadis, Islam

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